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The Duncan Download Blog: Business Aviation Advice & Observations

How To Have The Best Possible Experience When Selling Your Jet Aircraft

Posted by Tim Barber on Thu, Mar 23, 2017 @ 08:00 AM

It always amazes me just how many people are caught out when they make the decision to sell their business aircraft, but when you look at the array of specialists offering to support the sales process, it is hardly surprising.

It’s often said that in excess of 80%, as many as 85% perhaps, of all business jet sales transactions involve an appointed broker, so my primary focus here is to help guide you through this selection process.

A professional broker should be a trustworthy and knowledgeable individual or organisation with excellent industry relationships and history. Ideally, they should not have any ownership interest in the aircraft (unless they do actually own it) and should be willing and able to provide a wide range of support. The following list is by no means exhaustive but is a useful aide memoire when you are speaking with a prospective broker.

Firstly, are they a broker or an intermediary?

There are many individuals purporting to be brokers who are best termed as “intermediaries” and whilst these individuals fulfil a purpose, it’s important to realise that they are not the ones overseeing your transaction. In fact, they will then take your aircraft to their “partner,” a specialist aircraft broker, who will manage the sale for them. However, they will have been squeezed on their fee. Whilst such arrangements can work, you may possibly have been better off paying your entire fee to the broker to focus his attention even more.

Ensure the broker is actually selling aircraft they have inspected?

In fact, it’s actually the records that are perhaps more important, so make sure that they intend to review the facts rather than selling “blind.” When an aircraft is marketed without this thorough check being undertaken, the chance of the deal falling over is likely to be significantly higher. Equipment lists need to be verified, maintenance status fully understood, confirmation of no damage history or indeed understanding the repairs or replacements that were undertaken if there has been an incident, how good is the paint and interior, and so on. In my experience, just about every aircraft owner believes their aircraft is the best one available, so it’s a good idea to have this verified.GIVSP(2).jpg

1999 Gulfstream GIVSP currently available. Click on photo for more information. 

How much support is the broker going to give your aircraft in what is a very overcrowded market?

Make sure that the advertising commitment is sufficient. There are many advertising portals available, but are they hitting page one of Google? A presence on their own website simply won’t be enough; they need to commit to pay for display on the likes of Controller.com and AVBuyer.com throughout the marketing process. If not, your aircraft will be largely invisible to buyers.

Also check to see whether they are planning to run print media adverts in the leading aircraft sales journals. These are still an important source of leads as prospective buyers peruse such magazines in FBOs or on board their aircraft.

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1987 Cessna Citation III currently available. Click on the image for more information.

Are they innovative?

Increasingly, social media is an important tool in the sales process, so do ask what they are doing and then check it out by reviewing their online presence.

Also, take a look to understand what they have done for their clients’ aircraft through the use of creative press. Getting your aircraft placed into editorial media can be very rewarding and a major contributor to a swifter sale.

Are they proactive?

It is important that your aircraft is listed as being “for sale” on the trade databases AMSTAT and JetNet but you’ll be in the very lucky minority if this alone finds your buyer. Such tools, whilst vitally important for the trade, won’t get your aircraft exposed to the retail buyer. Any promise of “global databases of buyers” won’t be enough in isolation; you’ll need advertising, networking, telesales, social media and so on.

How many people/offices do they have to commit to the sales process?

Generally speaking, you will be better served by a team rather than an individual. And you’ll be even better served by a team that has vital connections to technical data like avionics upgrades, interior options and maintenance schedules. Sometimes, the slickest websites are run by a lone broker operating from a spare bedroom of a suburban semi, whilst purporting to offer a global network. Verify this by checking the facts; check out the other offices, the other individuals, look at their online and print advertising to see what other aircraft they are selling, and so on.

Don’t be afraid to ask for references from satisfied clients.

Check their core activity

One phenomenon that you may have encountered is the existence of the extended chain of brokers and intermediaries. One contributing factor here is that some brokers are unable to secure their own exclusive mandates and therefore focus their attention on assisting with another broker’s sale or purchase.

It is usually safe to assume that the longer the chain, the more brokers or intermediaries are involved and as a consequence there is more chance that the deal may fall over.

Brokers who have exclusive mandates have every reason to give your aircraft 100% focus because they know that when they are successful, they will be paid. A non-exclusive broker will sometimes lose interest in your aircraft once they realise that it’s not going to be a quick deal or that there are too many other brokers punting it around the market.

Pay them only when they have performed.

Very occasionally you may find a broker seeking an element of upfront payment, but this is not the norm in the industry. Typically the agreed commission is settled from escrow, upon completion of the sale. However, if you have driven a particularly tight deal, then the broker may seek a compromise of payment for their travel to inspect the aircraft, usually with this sum discounted from the final commission.

With purchase mandates, it is normal for an element of the commission to be advanced.

Who is overseeing the sale process in your office?

From time to time, we come across situations where the appointed representative for the sale of an aircraft is feeling vulnerable and therefore doesn’t provide all of the support and cooperation the principal assumes is being offered. The sale of an aircraft can often unnerve the individuals closest to it – pilots/crew, management companies, maintenance technicians, and so on – particularly when there is no clarity about a replacement. So, make sure that you don’t create such a conflict.

How many competing aircraft do they offer?

Much of my attention so far has been to ensure that you choose a credible partner but at the other end of the scale, where you are working with a known market leader, take a look to see how many similar aircraft they are currently offering. Ideally, you don’t want to be the oldest, highest hours or the most expensive of the 4 “identical” aircraft that they are selling at any point in time.

Exclusive or non-exclusive appointment?

Some owners believe that by giving their aircraft to multiple brokers they significantly increase the chance of it being sold or perhaps that they are getting better value for money, but this is rarely the case. The right broker exclusively mandated will give 100% to achieving a sale and protecting the online presence of your aircraft by preventing secondary, unauthorised marketing. With multiple agents working for you it is hard to retain control and before you know it, someone that you have never heard of is purporting to represent the aircraft but is offering it at a price well below what you would accept. This is not something that will ultimately benefit you or your aircraft.

As for the value for money, the actual commission paid out to either broker will broadly be the same, so you just as well focus your efforts on working with the right partner.

Follow these steps, make sure that you have a leading aviation lawyer, take good tax advice (as appropriate), be realistic in terms of pricing and disposal timetables and there is no reason that your aircraft sales experience won’t be a positive one.

Whether buying or selling, getting the right support is key to the success of your overall experience. 


Tim Barber.jpgTim Barber recently joined Duncan Aviation’s Aircraft Sales and Acquisitions team, representing clients in the European, Middle Eastern and African markets. You may reach him at +44 2032 8789 86, +44 7836 352 676 or on SKYPE tim.r.barber. On Twitter https://twitter.com/Tim_bizav and LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/in/timbarber2.

The Aircraft Sales & Acquisitions team is backed by a vast number of resources. Duncan Aviation touches every part of an aircraft and the company has first-hand knowledge of how corporate flight departments function to further business goals. Clients who work with the Duncan Aviation team have access to the entire spectrum of knowledge and experience that the company’s 2,200 team members located worldwide provide. Since inception, Duncan Aviation has undertaken more than 3,250 aircraft transactions. In addition, the company services more than 2,000 aircraft per year.

Tags: Aircraft Sales

How Your Aircraft's Interior Affects Business Aircraft Resale Values

Posted by Bob McCammon on Tue, Feb 21, 2017 @ 11:00 AM

Duncan Aviation Falcon 2000 Interior RefurbishmentPeople tend to judge how a business jet has been maintained by looking at the condition of the cabin. Prospective buyers and clients will hesitate if a jet appears to be in less than good repair. Yet, interior maintenance tends to be dismissed as a merely aesthetic or unnecessary expense.

The importance of an interior modification’s appearance varies by how an aircraft is used, and if it will be sold. Aircraft that are reserved for private or corporate use might postpone interior touchups until the next major refurbishment. By contrast, aircraft that are chartered tend to target the interior appearance as a much higher priority for passenger comfort and appeal.

The rationale for chartered aircraft is a well-maintained interior looks clean and feels more comfortable, and passengers feel more confident with how the aircraft has been handled and cared for. The same principle applies to selling an aircraft.

A worn or abused interior leads prospective buyers to question how the rest of the airplane has been maintained. When preparing to list an aircraft for sale, maintaining high-wear areas like armrests, entry door step treads and the galley help make a favorable impression with a buyer.

First impressions make a big difference in the sale. A well-maintained interior will help a business jet sell faster at a better price, and the broker or selling agent won’t have to make excuses for it.

Duncan Aviation’s aircraft acquisition and consignment representatives are among the most experienced in the industry, and are known for their dedication to the interests of their clients. For advice on how to keep your aircraft interior looking new without the expense and downtime of a complete interior refurbishment, request a phased interior maintenance schedule at www.DuncanAviation.aero/interior.

This article was contributed by Bob McCammon. Bob McCammon is a long-time Duncan Aviation team member, starting in the Line Department in 1968. He has since worked in a variety of areas and moved to Aircraft Sales & Acquisitions in 1992. He enjoys working with customers who are buying and selling aircraft, getting to know them and their companies. He loves that so many turn into repeat customers when they sell or upgrade.

Tags: Interior Refurbishment, Aircraft Sales

A Little Perspective on the Business Aircraft Purchase Agreement

Posted by Diane Heiserman on Tue, Feb 14, 2017 @ 09:00 AM

Contributed by Doug Kvassay, Aircraft Sales Representative

An aircraft purchase agreement provides the roadmap, defining processes and deadlines, through to the point of closing.

An aircraft purchase agreement provides the roadmap, defining processes and deadlines, through to the point of closing.

A couple of years ago, one of the larger banks in the business aviation industry called asking for my immediate assistance in locating the purchase agreement for an aircraft that we bought for a client a few years prior. The bank was undergoing an audit and had no record of it. Although I located the file on the transaction, it did not contain a purchase agreement. This transaction was for the acquisition of an aircraft that, at the time, was worth close to $20 million for a well-known individual. It didn't take long to remember the details of the events surrounding the deal.

There Was No Aircraft Purchase Agreement

The aviation attorney for our client negotiated with the bank (the aircraft owner) until the bank called and said they had had enough. We were told we had to close on the acquisition the following day or lose the aircraft. We wired funds, received an FAA Bill of Sale (BOS) from the bank and took delivery of the aircraft.

When I started in this business the process to buy a business aircraft was simple. You flew out to look at it, reviewed the records, did a quick test flight around the patch, handed the owner a cashier’s check, received a FAA BOS in return and flew home with the aircraft, all in the same day. No purchase agreements. No pre-purchase inspections. No escrows. Today, it is not uncommon to have two outside aviation attorneys spend the better part of two or more weeks negotiating a purchase agreement, usually at considerable expense to their clients.

Purpose of Aircraft Purchase Agreements

An aircraft purchase agreement provides the road map, defining processes and deadlines, through to the point of closing. However, in almost all cases, the purchase agreement is filed away once executed and never referred to again during the transaction. Even if a point of contention arises prior to closing, the buyer and seller usually work it out together without legal action, as the cost of litigating a dispute is never an economical option.

What many fail to realize is that an aircraft purchase agreement governs and spells out what both the buyer and seller are responsible for prior to closing. Typically, the only contractual promise in the purchase agreement that survives closing is the warranty of title, which is included on the standard one page FAA BOS. In the scenario above, since time was of the essence, we verbally agreed to move along with the deposit and pre-purchase inspection and were finished before we had a contract, at which point it didn't really matter. All we were receiving was warranty of title. And if you ever bought an aircraft from a bank, you know that warranty is limited to anything they specifically had to do with the aircraft.

Necessary Legal Advice

If you have special tax requirements or require setting up of an entity to hold the aircraft, legal advice from an aviation tax attorney can be indispensable. However, for a business aircraft transaction, where a straightforward purchase and sales agreement is sufficient, a competent broker working with your in-house or regular corporate attorney is a much more economical alternative to hiring a specialized aviation attorney.

Know the Details Before You Sign

Whether you are buying or selling a business aircraft, the Aircraft Purchase Agreement is a very important document to the transaction. Because it incorporates all terms and conditions of the sale, it is vital that you take the time know all the details of the contract before you sign.

Buying and selling an aircraft can be a stressful experience. You can lessen the stress by having a thorough understanding of the Aircraft Purchase Agreement.

Duncan Aviation’s Aircraft Sales & Acquisitions has been assisting operators buy and sell aircraft since 1991. Backed by in-house legal counsel, flight operations staff and over 2,000 airframe, engine and avionics technical representatives located around the world, gives Duncan Aviation first-hand access to, and knowledge of, the aircraft marketplace unmatched by any other broker or acquisition organization.

Visit www.DuncanAviation.aero/aircraftsales/listings.php for the latest aircraft for sale.

Doug Kvassay is a part of a team of four Aircraft Sales Representatives. He specializes in advanced aircraft aftermarket analysis and managing complex transactions. His aviation career began in 1980.

Tags: Aircraft Sales

Be Aware of Naked Brokerage Transactions with Business Aircraft

Posted by Diane Heiserman on Tue, Feb 07, 2017 @ 09:00 AM

Contributed by Doug Kvassay, Aircraft Sales Representative

Naked Broker

The primary focus of a Naked Broker is to maximize their personal income, not minimize the cost or risk to the buyer.

I first heard the term "Naked Brokerage" from a colleague who used it to describe an aircraft brokerage deal where the broker did not have a written agreement with either the buyer or seller of a business aircraft. Because, the broker has no protection or guarantee of payment from either side, they essentially are "naked."

Increased Aircraft Sale Price

In a Naked Brokerage situation, a business aircraft buyer is typically talking to many brokers offering different aircraft, some of which are represented by a second broker, who has the actual agreement to represent the seller. During the course of the transaction, the broker will contract with the seller of the business aircraft while at the same time write a duplicate contract between themselves and the buyer, increasing only the sales price. Surprisingly, many aircraft transactions are done this way due to ignorance or indifference on behalf of the aircraft buyer.

No Incentive to Represent Buyer Interests

Brokers in a Naked Brokerage transaction are not guaranteed to receive payment for their efforts. During every transaction they look out for their own interests and seek to maximize their profit; oftentimes collecting fees many times greater than paid under an acquisition agreement. In the Naked Brokerage arrangement, the interests of the broker in the middle are not aligned with the interests of the buyer. Their primary focus is to maximize their income, not minimize the cost or risk to the buyer.

Seek Out Predetermined Brokerage Fees

More and more aviation attorneys are refusing to consult on purchases set up as a Naked Brokerage transaction. They want to receive the warranty of title and any other representations, directly from the actual owner, not from a broker in the middle of the transaction.

Most business aviation brokers offer an acquisition service, where the fee is predetermined and the acquisition agreement clearly states that the broker is solely looking out for the interest of the buyer. This benefits both the buyer and the broker. The broker will receive the predetermined fee and the buyer will get 100% of the broker’s effort in the acquisition transaction.

The Bottom Line

Always take a second look at the Letter of Intent and make sure you understand exactly who you are buying the aircraft from.

Duncan Aviation offers business aircraft acquisition services where the fee is predetermined and the agreement clearly states we are working for the buyer. Our interests are to secure the aircraft that best fits their needs at a greatest value. View the latest aircraft for sale by Duncan Aviation’s Aircraft Sales & Acquisition.  

Doug Kvassay is a part of a team of four Aircraft Sales Representatives. He specializes in advanced aircraft aftermarket analysis and managing complex transactions. His aviation career began in 1980.

Tags: Aircraft Sales

ADS-B Myth #4: We’re Going To Sell Our Aircraft Anyway

Posted by Kate Dolan on Tue, Jan 31, 2017 @ 11:04 AM

 

Myth4 paperweight.jpgAs one industry broker told us, “Without ADS-B, you may as well use your aircraft as an expensive paperweight. No one is going to buy it.”

Duncan Aviation’s Aircraft Sales & Acquisitions team says that whether an aircraft is equipped with ADS-B Out is already affecting its resale value. In this buyer’s market, if you don’t pay to upgrade to ADS-B Out now, the price you’ll be able to ask for your aircraft will be significantly less than if you had performed the upgrade.

And, with less than 35 months remaining to equip the entire US business aviation fleet with ADS-B Out avionics equipment, there will likely be shortages of hangar space at qualified shops as the deadline draws nearer. From now until the mandate deadline, January 1, 2020, roughly 167 aircraft per month still need to find available hangar space and qualified technicians.

Avoid The Scheduling Crunch

ADS-B-LobbyPoster-sm.jpgIf you are not yet ready for the required upgrades and are worried about finding available capacity at certified service centers, take a look at our ADS-B Slot Program

The Duncan Aviation ADS-B Splot Program lets you buy a slot to reserve a confirmed date and hangar space for your aircraft at one of our Satellite Avionics Shops. The deposit will will applied to the ADS-B installation when you arrive.

By scheduling now, you will see better pricing, have easier access to the certified transponders and GPS sensors, and find time for the upgrade/installation that fits your flight schedule and calendar.

Contact the Duncan Aviation Satellite Shop (www.DuncanAviation.aero/locations/#satellites) nearest you, one of our Duncan Aviation Avionics Installation Team Members (www.DuncanAviation.aero/services/avionics-installation/contacts), or call +1 402.475.2611 for more information about ADS-B upgrades and the new slot reservation program.

ADS-B Myth Busting

ADS-B Myth #1: There Is Plenty Of Time

ADS-B #2: The Deadline WIll Be Extended

ADS-B Myth #3: The Prices Will Drop

ADS-B Myth #4: We’re Going To Sell Our Aircraft Anyway

ADS-B Myth #5: I Don’t Need ADS-B

Download ADS-B  Straight Talk Now 

Tags: Avionics Installation, Aircraft Sales, ADS-B, NextGen

Aircraft Sales and the Art of Listening

Posted by Diane Heiserman on Thu, Jan 21, 2016 @ 04:35 PM

Peter Burwell’s experience with aircraft consignments have not all been positive experiences. “I have had several brokers feed me a line of garbage, telling me what they think I should do in order to achieve their objectives, not mine.”

While Burwell Enterprises’ 39th aircraft, a Falcon 900EX, was in prebuy at Duncan Aviation in Battle Creek, Michigan, Peter, president & CEO, sought recommendations on whom to work with in order to sell number 36, a Challenger 601. It took no time at all before he was handed the name of Doug Roth, one of Duncan Aviation’s Aircraft Sales and Acquisition team members.

Burwell Enterprises has operated and flown so many aircraft over so many years that when it comes time to add to or upgrade their fleet, Peter puts his trust in the experience of his flight department to research and find the right replacement aircraft while at the same time working with a broker to handle the previous aircraft’s consignment.

Although because of previous encounters, he was skeptical when he picked up the phone to call Doug Roth.

DRoth_SM.jpgDoug Roth, Duncan Aviation Aircraft Sales

Doug has been selling aircraft for customers for more than 36 years. During that time, he has learned that no two transactions are alike. What works for one customer will not necessarily work for the next. So the first thing he does when he talks with a client is LISTEN.

Within a few minutes of speaking with Doug on the phone, Peter knew this experience would be different. “Doug was honest and upfront. He provided me with the facts without the fluff. He shot me straight and I believed him,” said Peter. “I feel I can trust him.”

After meeting with Peter and examining the Challenger, Doug tapped into the technical resources at Duncan Aviation. Armed with the knowledge of airframe, engine, avionics and interior experts and his personal knowledge of and experience with the preowned aircraft market, Doug told Peter exactly what he would do to best represent him and the aircraft. Then, he followed through and did what he said he would.

“Whether buying or selling, I work for my client every time, keeping their objectives in mind. ” says Doug. “I listen to them and create a plan that leverages all the resources I have at Duncan Aviation combined with my knowledge of aviation and the aircraft sales aftermarket.”

It may be several years down the road, but Peter says he will absolutely return to Doug to sell number 39.


Read more from the Fall 2015 Duncan Debrief Magazine

The Duncan Debrief free publication is available for aviation enthusiasts around the world through mail and online. To receive the magazine, subscribe here. Have an iPad? Access the magazine through the Duncan Debrief app. Search for Duncan Debrief in Apple’s App Store and download it. Once downloaded, you can receive push notifications each time a new Duncan Debrief magazine is published. 

Tags: Aircraft Sales

Business Aircraft Marketing Value and Features: Quick Reference Tool

Posted by Duncan Download Blog on Wed, Aug 05, 2015 @ 09:20 AM

small-Market-Update_blog

When acquiring or upgrading a business aircraft, selecting the right make/model is one of your most important decisions. Duncan Aviation’s Aircraft Sales and Acquisitions team can help you narrow your selection with the use of a comprehensive and up-to-date Model/Market Summary. The summary data is compiled for the light jet, mid-size jet and long-range jet categories. And the team regularly updates the data in these lists with the latest market intelligence on business aircraft models in operation today and how they compare to others in the same size category.The Model/Market Summary is sorted by the seats-full range for aircraft built in the last decade. It displays one-line descriptions detailing several attributes, including the following:

  • Years Produced. The range of years the model was in production.
  • Vref Price Range. The current marketing value according to the Vref - Aircraft Value Reference.
  • Variable Cost / Hour. The estimated cost to operate the aircraft at full capacity.
  • Normal Cruise Speed.
  • Cabin Volume / Length / Height.
  • Cabin Seats. The number of available seats on the aircraft.
  • Expected Avionics. The expected avionics found in the Flightdeck.
  • NBAA IFR Range-Seats Full. The list is sorted by this, the flight range in nautical miles with all seats full.
  • NBAA IFR Range Ferry. Flight range in nautical miles with no passengers.
  • Payload with Fuel Full. In pounds.
  • Average Fuel Burn. In gallons per hour.
  • Pilots Required. The number of pilots required to fly the aircraft.

The data in this summary is a good starting point when considering your first aircraft or your next upgrade. All the data in these reports comes from Conklin & de Decker aviation information, the aircraft manufacturers’ preliminary data and Vref valuations. 

ADVICE

Doug Kvassay, aircraft sales representative at Duncan  Aviation, first developed the Model/Market Summary when a client called asking for advice over lunch about upgrading his light business jet to one that had a little more payload and range. Doug wanted to make the process of narrowing down the search as easy as possible, so in the days leading up to their meeting, he created a listing of every model in the light jet category, taking care to detail several attributes. Through a process of simple elimination, by the end of their lunch, Doug and his customer had identified an aircraft model to investigate further. They closed on an available one just one month later.

Seeing how much easier this tool made the identification of the most appropriate model of aircraft for the specific needs of his client, Doug shared his concept with the rest of the Duncan Aviation Aircraft Sales and Acquisitions team. Since then, they have honed the information and expanded it to other size categories. Now, they publish it quarterly.Download the latest model/market summary now. 

Business Jet  Model/Market Summary

 

Tags: Aircraft Sales

What Is The Value of Your Business Aircraft?

Posted by Duncan Download Blog on Thu, Jun 18, 2015 @ 08:57 AM

Contributed by Doug Roth, aircraft sales rep

As your business aircraft ages, there will come a point when you begin to ask yourself if it is still worth spending money on it or is it time to sell or trade. This generally occurs about the time a major inspection, engine overhaul, paint/interior refurb or mandatory avionics upgrade is coming due.

small-Market-Update_blog

There are a lot of factors that go into making the decision to reinvest in the aircraft, but the biggest and most obvious is whether the money is well spent. The answer to this question can actually be quite simple and lies in the aircraft value once the investment is made.

The value of an older aircraft can be determined with this simple formula.

Value= Base aircraft marketable value + engine value + inspection value + paint / interior value

However, all the parts that go into it can be rather complicated. Let me walk you through it.

Base Aircraft Marketable Value

For a quick determination of the base marketable value of your aircraft, you can begin with industry-recognized aircraft value reference guides, such as Vref and Aircraft Blue Book. These books provide recent sales data and information on your specific make model aircraft. However, at the time of their publication the information can be almost six months old so they may not accurately reflect any market changes that are beginning to trend.

If you need accurate market information to make a decision about selling or trading your aircraft, it is wise to consult with an aircraft sales professional for the latest in market conditions.   

Keep in mind, this base value is just a starting point. You still need to take into account how fresh your inspections are or how many hours remain on the engines. These factors will have an impact on the overall value, both positive and negative.

Engine Value

The model of your aircraft and whether or not others like it are typically on an engine maintenance program, will determine how you calculate engine value.

Example of Engines On Maintenance Programs

The majority of aircraft with the Honeywell TFE731-20,-40,-60 engines are typically on an engine maintenance program. If your TFE731-xx engines are on a maintenance program then their value adjustment will be zero, because they are considered base average among those model engines. However, if your TFE731-xx engines are not on an engine program, then adjustment to the base aircraft value will be negative the amount to buy into the program.

Example of Engines Not On Maintenance Programs

For aircraft with engines not typically on a maintenance program, such as aircraft with PW JT15D-5 series, the value adjustment is based on the number of hours remaining, above or below the engine’s mid-life. Take the number of hours above or below mid-life and multiply it by the hourly operating cost of the engine. If the hours are below the mid-life, add this to the base aircraft value. If the hours are above the mid-life, subtract.

Once an aircraft reaches 30 years, engine values are based more often on the life remaining rather than an engine program. Engines with less than 1500 hours will have a negative value adjustment based on the cost per hour.

Inspection Value

An aircraft’s base value on the market typically assumes that the airframe inspection life is at 80%. Therefore, an aircraft with a fresh inspection could add up to 20% of the cost of a typical inspection to this base value. The opposite is also true. If the inspection life is less than 80%, the value will be reduced.

For example on a Falcon 50, a C check can cost in the neighborhood of $250,000 and will add six years until the next major inspection. If there are three years, or 50% remaining in the inspection cycle, then the base aircraft value will be reduced by 30%, or $75,000.

Cosmetics Value

Aircraft-value-blogWith normal use an aircraft paint and interior can have a life of about 7 and 8 years, respectively. Applying the same rule of 80%, the cost to restore the paint and interior can be applied to the base value in the same way we did with the inspections. 

However, the real value of your aircraft’s interior rests solely upon your personal preference and how you use it, not its age. You may love that 15-year interior because you were involved in the original selection of materials and colors.

Paint is similar, where personal preferences play a part, but to a smaller degree. Having the aircraft painted at major inspection intervals is beneficial to maintaining the value because a fresh coat of paint helps to protect from possible future corrosion.

Nonetheless, if you are considering selling, the value of the paint and interior rests in the personal preference of the buyer. Even a five year interior may be replaced because it is just not the new owner’s style. 

Avionics Updates

Deciding whether or not to invest in the necessary avionics to meet the upcoming mandates on your aging aircraft is a topic for another time. Stay tuned.

However, for the purpose of this example, all values above being equal, an aircraft with WAAS/LPV and/or ADS-B will have a significantly higher value than one without.

Total Aircraft Value

Now you have a snapshot of what your aircraft is worth. What now? Do you spend the money for the upcoming inspection or overhaul? Is it time to sell?

With later model aircraft, the costs associated with major inspections or restoration may be relatively small in comparison to the base market value, making the decision to invest in the work easy.

As aircraft grow older, those costs become larger in comparison to the base market value to the point where the majority of the aircraft’s value will be in the inspections and/or restorations.

This is where you need to take a hard look at and assess your future flying needs. If your aircraft meets payload and range requirements for the foreseeable future, the investment may be worth it.

Especially if your foresee operating the aircraft for at least 40% of the life of the inspections and/or restoration. In the end, when you reinvest, you are building value and life back into your aircraft to meet your future needs.  Your decision to invest should be based on your travel needs and requirements and what is most cost-effective for you.

Duncan Aviation Aircraft Sales

Need help in evaluating the value of your business aircraft? Contact your Duncan Aviation Aircraft Sales Representatives. We'll be happy to help. 

Your Duncan Aviation Aircraft Sales Representatives

Download the latest business jet model/market summary here

http://www.duncanaviation.aero/aircraftsales/model-market-summary.php

 

 

Tags: Aircraft Sales

Buying a Business Jet: Do You Know What You Need? Really?

Posted by Duncan Download Blog on Wed, Sep 10, 2014 @ 10:54 AM

Market-Update_blogOne of the hardest decisions to make when purchasing a business jet is to purchase the make and model that is right for you and your business needs. The last thing you need is to take off on your first business flight and discover your aircraft does not fully meet your requirements.

A full schedule with multiple passengers for long hours requires an aircraft with appropriate cabin capacity and fuel range. Anything less will result in frequent refueling stops and a lot time sitting on the tarmac.

However, buying a long-range jet for short infrequent flights will result in higher than necessary operating costs.

Identifying the right aircraft for you is can be a complicated process. With more than 80 make model business aircraft to choose from, how do you narrow the field to make the right decision?  

You Need A Tool

  • A tool that breaks down all the available business aircraft by category, available features and many other details
  • A tool that helps to prioritize your business needs and desires, narrowing the pool of appropriate aircraft
  • A tool that would simplify the investigation of the market place, identifying several available options that meet your needs

 Yeah...Here Is That Tool

DUNCAN AVIATION BUSINESS JET  MODEL / MARKET SUMMARY

And if you still have questions...these are the guys that can help you!

ACS-Group

Duncan Aviation Aircraft Sales Representatives

Tags: Aircraft Sales

Don't Forget The Pre-Buy 6

Posted by Duncan Download Blog on Wed, Jul 02, 2014 @ 02:42 PM

Airframe-Inspection_blog
When buying or selling an aircraft, nothing can be more stressful than the "moment of truth"–that point in the transaction where the buyer and seller are presented with the aircraft squawk list and it is time for them to negotiate and finalize. Partnering with a service provider who knows how to clearly present its findings and communicate well with all parties involved can allow the key players to breathe a bit easier.

"Pre-purchase evaluations are complex, there’s no way around it," says Tim Klenke, an airframe service sales representative with Duncan Aviation. "Stress can be tempered somewhat, though, when the pre-buy evaluation occurs at a facility with a good reputation, excellent communication and integrity."

Pre-purchase events and aircraft purchases are uncharted territory for many operators. There are a lot of people involved, lots of choices to make and usually some surprises along the way.  

Here are Tim's suggestions on what to look for when selecting a service provider for a pre-buy evaluation.

Top 6 Things When Selecting a Pre-Buy Provider

  1. Reputation. How is the facility viewed within the industry?
  2. Experience. How many pre-buys does a facility perform? Do the buyer and seller feel comfortable with the provider and have confidence in the provider’s ability to understand and execute the pre-buy according to the terms and conditions of the buyer/seller agreement?
  3. Post pre-buy capabilities. Can the facility perform interior work, exterior paint, avionics upgrades and larger inspections?
  4. Import/export proficiency. Does the facility have these services if the airplane is coming from or going overseas?
  5. Communication. This skill is critical in pre-buys; everything must be crystal clear and understandable for all parties – buyers, sellers, brokers, lawyers and the service facility.
  6. Technical support. Does the facility offer in-house Technical Representatives for each model airplane who can engage quickly with OEMs and teams to resolve unexpected issues without disruption in schedule?

Pre-Buy Services For Buyers & Sellers

Duncan Aviation's only focus during a pre-buy evaluation is to provide the most accurate assessment on the condition of an aircraft to the buyer and seller. Our comprehensive services allow us to correct most discrepancy repairs in-house.

For more information about Duncan Aviation Pre-Buy Services, give Tim a call. 

Contact Tim Klenke

Tags: Airframe Maintenance, Aircraft Sales

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